EGG has pioneered work with girls in secondary school in low-income rural Uttarakhand, particularly through Girls’ Parliaments. At a cost of under $7 per student per year, EGG empowers girls to stay in school, improve learning, and gain leadership experience. EGG’s program in Uttarakhand began in 2013 in 50 secondary schools with roughly 22,000 girls. It added a health program in 2015 focusing on hand washing, sanitation, and menstrual health. EGG has expanded to another 50 schools in and plans to start in 50 more.
EGG’s data on results come from 2015 in the first 50 schools, after the program had run for two years. EGG arbitrarily selected 50 schools for the EGG program and 50 for non-EGG schools for comparison.
Girls Do Better In EGG Program Schools
More girls in EGG Program Schools passed standardized national tests to qualify for graduation in 2015:
- 71 percent of girls in grade 10 and 73 percent in grade 12 in EGG program schools passed High School Competency Exams versus 63 percent in both grades 10 and 12 in non-EGG schools.
- Moreover, girls in EGG schools outperformed boys in grade 10 — 71 percent to 57 percent. And in grade 12 — 73 percent to 65 percent.
In 2016, four times as many girls took their exams in EGG Program Schools.
Girls Succeed Despite Barriers:
- Roughly 80 percent cite poverty as a key reason for dropping out
- About half cite early marriage
- Many also cite harassment and the need to do household work
Why Girls In EGG Program Schools Do Better
All schools in Uttarakhand are progressing:
- Half of children have a school nearby — within one kilometer
- Over half attend at least 20 days a month
- Schools mostly have boundary walls, some sanitation, and electricity
But EGG Program Schools Show More Commitment — as communities mobilize, SMCs strengthen, and teachers engage more.
Teachers at EGG Program Schools Engage More with Students
- 58 percent of girls in EGG Program Schools get help after school versus 32 percent in non-EGG Schools.
- 95 percent of girls in EGG Program Schools say teachers help them “apart from teaching” with interests like writing and debate versus 72 percent in non-EGG Schools.
- All girls in EGG Program Schools find teachers often use creative teaching aids while 20 percent of girls in non-EGG Schools say teachers never do.
- 44 percent of girls in EGG Program Schools use computers versus 25 percent in non-EGG Schools.
EGG Program Schools Now Have More Women Teachers
- EGG Program Schools have a higher share of women teachers — 36 percent versus 17 percent are women.
- EGG Schools also have more teaching posts — 757 versus 538 and non-EGG Schools — and more are actually filled. So more women are teaching.
EGG Program Schools Have More Active School Management Committees
- All SMCs are elected rather than appointed — versus 34 percent in non-EGG Schools, showing stronger community interest.
- All SMCs prepared “Whole School Development Plans” for the school year versus 60 percent in non-EGG schools, interacting with teachers and students.
- SMCs completed 640 of their plans (96 percent of those planned) versus 118 (61 percent) in non-EGG sSchools.
- SMCs met 708 times — versus 214 in non-EGG Schools.
- 72 percent of SMCs had members who attending government training versus 62 percent in non-EGG Schools.
- SMCs raised roughly $64,000 in cash versus roughy $42,000 in non-EGG Schools and contributed far more in kind.
EGG Program Schools Acquire More Computers, Science Labs and Books
- EGG Program Schools now have 320 computers versus 167 in non-EGG Schools.
- One-fourth of EGG Program Schools now have physics and chemistry labs versus eight percent in non-EGG Schools.
- EGG Program Schools have 28,722 library books versus 17,332 in non-EGG Schools.
- EGG Program schools bought 3,323 books last year versus 2,282 in non-EGG Schools.
- In EGG Program schools, far more students are allowed to take books out, and more actually use computers.
GIRLS’ Parliaments Prepare Girls To Lead — EGG’S best innovation where traditionally girls rarely speak out or stand up for themselves
- All EGG Program Schools held Girls’ Parliaments — a chance girls in non-EGG Schools lack.
- Girls elected 8-9 Ministers to lead projects in various fields such as academics, science, culture, sports, and safety.
- GPs engage in schools and community — 74 percent in safety, 70 percent in sports, 80 percent in school cleanliness, 38 percent in sanitation, 4 percent in teaching, 18 percent in book banks, 36 percent in study groups, and 51percent with SMCs.
- Girls report enormous gains in confidence, skills, and commitment — hard to quantify but readily visible.
Egg Program Schools Add A Health Project
Better health and learning are synergistic. EGG’s model can include health measures that depend on community mobilization and girls’ leadership.
EGG’s New Health Program (in its first 50 schools) focuses on hand washing, sanitation, and menstrual health and management
- Hand washing, crucial to interrupt the spread of disease, is managed in schools largely by the Girls’ Parliaments, who appoint hand washing officers.
- Sanitation is also monitored and maintained partly by the Girls’ Parliaments.
- Menstrual health and management, which the girls all learn, is crucial to maintain girls’ school attendance and improve their comfort and health.
Results Are Striking — in just a year:
- 60 percent of girls now attend schools during their periods versus 54 percent in non-EGG Schools.
- EGG Program Schools have soap and water and about three-fourths have trash cans in toilets versus 69 percent in non-EGG Schools.
- The 50 schools that started the handwashing program soon ran out of soap.
- Other schools started hand washing on their own.
- The District decided to finance soap in all its schools.
Egg Initiates A Girls’ Fellows Program
EGG offers fellowships of $150 to 20 girls to attend local colleges and work part-time for EGG — to:
- Help girls go to college after graduating from EGG Program Schools
- Help girls gain modern job experience
- Help EGG expand
The EGG Fellows program works — EGG aims to expand it widely.