EGG’s results in Rajasthan, where roughly half of women can read and most come from Scheduled Castes and Tribes — are stunning. EGG’s main results come from its program in 500 schools serving 37,000 girls begun in April 2008 and assessed a year and a half later in December 2009.
Huge changes occurred in the 500 schools with EGG’s program
- Increased enrollment of girls from 90 percent before the program to 99%.
- School Management Committees’ ‘completed action plans’ grew six-fold from 331 in March 2008 to 2,268 by December 2009. (These are development projects aimed at improving the school or community, completed by the communities without funding from EGG.)
- Creative programs for girls trebled from 3,406 to 9,124 (examples are vocational training, educational tours, training in communication, and yoga).
- 412 schools reported safe drinking water, a gain of 76 percent.
- 356 reported toilets, a gain of 60 percent.
- 145 reported electricity, less than one-third of schools, but a gain of 23 percent.
- Few schools had computers, but 33 did, up from 10 in March 2008.
Dramatic progress occurred in learning
Like many countries, India worked first to expand enrollment. It now strives to improve basic learning and erase girls’ disadvantage. EGG offered teachers training for three months in Creative Learning Techniques (CLT), stressing interactive approaches rather than traditional rote learning. CLT reached one teacher per school in 384 schools in EGG’s program. (Schools have roughly five teachers per school on average.) Some 53 teachers were offered the program with more intensive support. EGG then compared school performance and learning scores in 30 EGG Program Schools before and after CLT. It also compared school performance and learning scores in these schools after CLT to 30 schools with no EGG program, chosen by government to be representative.
- More Teachers, Better Teachers and Student Attendance
- The number of teachers in the 30 EGG Program Schools increased from 114 to 123 versus 106 to 111 in the 30 non-Program Schools.
- Teachers’ attendance wobbles but generally exceeds 85 percent and is improving faster in EGG Program Schools versus non-EGG Schools.
- Girls’ attendance averaged 92 percent in EGG Program Schools versus 82 percent in non-Program schools.
- More Community Ownership and School Improvements
- 347 community meetings were held July-December 2009 in EGG Program Schools versus 114 in non-Program schools.
- About 5,600 people attended school meetings in EGG Program Schools versus 1200 in non-Program Schools.
- 457 School Development Plans were made and 280 completed in EGG Program Schools versus 175 made and 83 competed in non-Program Schools.
- Learning Gains Jump After Three Months CLT
Table 1. Better Learning After CLT in EGG Program Schools (Grades III-VII)
|Before CLT||After CLT|
|Children reading a paragraph in Hindi||42%||59%|
|Children reading a paragraph in English||15%||43%|
|Children adding and subtracting two digits||26%||57%|
Table 2. EGG Program Schools Outpace non-EGG Schools
|EGG Schools||Non-EGG Schools|
|Children reading a paragraph in Hindi||56%||27%|
|Children reading a paragraph in English||43%||4%|
|Children adding and subtracting two digits||57%||19%|
These changes are so huge that, despite practical imperfections in methodology, they show how transformative EGG’s model can be. They reflect the whole EGG package — efforts to mobilize communities, foster practical plans, empower and train teachers, engage girls, and introduce Bal Sabhas. The package works to reach and teach even the poorest girls.