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Secondary Government Schools
Uttarakhand, India

After more than a dozen years leading primary education school reform, EGG launched a two-year program in 2013 with 50 secondary government schools in Uttarakhand, India. Nearly 22,000 girls were enrolled in these schools. In a comparison of baseline (2013) and endline (2015) results, school officials reported that girls stay in school longer, score higher in exams and are more likely to graduate from twelfth grade. Download the research brief for more details.

What led to the rise in girls’ enrollment and achievement in EGG schools? A post-program study of 100 schools randomly selected from the same district, including 50 EGG and 50 non-EGG “control” explored the differences. Find out how the school environments varied and what changes occurred during the two-year program to improve education and create ‘girl-friendly’ schools.

Higher Enrollment And Retention Rates

Schools that participated in the EGG program retained a much higher percentage (98.9%) of girls enrolled in Grades 10-12, when compared to the statewide rate of 90.5%.1 Girls account for 71% of all students in government schools.

  • Fewer girls dropped out-of-school in 2015.
  • The number of girls enrolled in twelfth grade grew significantly in 2015, up 7.3% from two years ago.
  • The drop-out rate typically seen in ninth and tenth grades declined as girls who did not pass stayed in school to repeat the same grade.
  • Girls who were out of school were encouraged to re-enroll after EGG community meetings were held in villages.

1. Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2014

More Girls Graduating And Eligible For College

EGG schools reported a much higher percentage of twelfth grade girls are passing state board exams, which leads to more girls eligible for college. 73.7% of twelfth grade girls who took the state exams passed in 2015, compared to a pass rate of 61.4% two years before. A larger percentage of twelfth grade girls scored in the first division after the EGG program, 16.1% vs. 7.1% before. 2

2. A ranking of first division implies achieving a result of 60%-100%.

Achievement Gains In Core Subject State Exams

Learning gains were seen in several core subjects for tenth and twelfth grade girls who took the state board exams. There were gains in pass rates by Grade 10 girls in English, Hindi, Math and Science. Math and Science showed the most significant gains. Grade 12 girls also reported significant gains in English, Hindi, Math, Physics and Biology. The most notable gains were in Hindi and Physics and Math.

Growth In Girls Enrolling And Passing Math

The post-program studies showed that girls attending EGG schools are increasingly taking math and science and passing these courses. Although still small in total numbers, the percentage of twelfth grade girls taking math grew by 92.5%. The number of Grade 12 girls passing their math exams also doubled.

More twelfth grade girls also enrolled in Physics, with 84% passing the exam. Tenth grade girls showed the highest gains in Math and Science, with 91.1% and 89.2%, passing the exams for each respective subject.


EGG’s Unique Approach

EGG is accomplishing extraordinary results by empowering poor, rural communities to take ownership of government schools and improve them. Community mobilization is central to EGG’s success. Through a collaborative model, the reform program is supported by government leaders, school officials, teachers, parents and girl students.

Primary School Research

Since 2002, EGG’s empowerment model has served nearly one million students in over 7,000 primary government schools in India. Read about the evaluation findings from EGG’s two-year implementation of school reform with 500 schools in Rajasthan, India.